Removing those misfit kids from the Mafia's claws before they'll become adults and from there callous criminals, shouldn't be that hard to do it. By simply giving some possibilities for better futures to them and their parents, these kids will become productive and responsible adults to a modern society. Of course all this will be only possible if, the Italian national institutions will set a policy from preventing those kids in becoming the next, "Mafiosi".
From what I could see, there were two main culprits to be called in cause: the first culprit as I said is, the Italian State not doing much (besides the detecting/policing, prosecution and jailing works on affiliated of the Mafia) on the prevention. I don't believe in the effectiveness of a zero tolerance policy the same ways it was applied (more likely it was imposed) on the New Jersey and New York's populations, for safer and cleaner neighborhoods! That kind of policy isn't going to work in the Sicilian Society, but only steer social unrest.
Giving jobs to those low income family living in run-down neighborhoods is, of course, a first line to fight criminality perpetrated by minors. Those same neighborhoods should be cared more from the Italian government, to prevent the Mafia of using them as a reservoir to resupply its troops. Moreover, new resources should be spent in those neighborhoods, like social workers taking care of low ambient families by helping them arise to high standards of living. Those same social workers should in the same time, enforce the kids' parents to send their children to attend schools and do follow up their progress during their growing up.
Police patrolling on foot those streets should be a norm, especially in very difficult neighborhoods, to prevent the criminality of infiltrating them. Parks should also be created in those neighborhoods, to give to the people that are living in them a sense of communities. As well, garbages should be collected regularly, streets, schools and any other social infrastructures should be well maintained in those same neighborhoods, to not give a false impression to those people that the Italian national government doesn't really care much about them.
The second culprit is: in the Sicilian culture there are many things that should be thrown out! In the Sicilian culture is indeed occulted, a certain mentality of mafiositi. For example: in Sicilian dialect there are some words like mafiosetto/mafiosetta (youngsters, acting in mafioso's ways) not seen and used in derogatory terms by a part of the Sicilian population but as some form of rewarding badges for an ill-mannered youngster. People looking to circumnavigate (as I mentioned in a previous post, see: Fighting the Mafia-Incorrect conceptions and bad attitudes from the Sicilians people) the normal difficulties of the day to day life, by applying unorthodox methods to beat the system by form of cheats such as l'arte di arranggiarsi (the art of getting by) by asking favors to the wrong people.
They see politicians stealing and cheating on regular basis, or when seeing the employers not paying the taxes or not paying themselves the appropriate salaries. An other of unethical behaviors is when they are seeing someone to pay the, "bustarella" (little envelopes containing cash which is used to bribe someone in getting in return a big favor). Unfortunately, to a portion of the Sicilian population such occurrences are seen as a normalcies, and when they can they'll apply the same methods.
All the above statements are not helping much in fighting the Mafia at the present time, but helping the Mafia in its own survival. Until the culprits which I have mentioned in this current post are not defeated, the Mafia too won't be defeated! I must point out that in the Sicilian past somehow, must have been an hidden agenda from some political puppeteers which were acting in the shadows to keep the Sicilian's status-quo unchanged for personal gains.
"The Mafia is oppression, arrogance, greed, self-enrichment, power and hegemony above and against all others. It is not an abstract concept, or a state of mind, or a literary term... It is a criminal organization regulated by unwritten but iron and inexorable rules... The myth of a courageous and generous 'man of honor' must be destroyed, because a mafioso is just the opposite."
Nowadays things are looking a bit different for Sicily and maybe, maybe, there is finally some hopes for the honest, working Sicilian families.